The rate of plastic extrusion
According to the flow rate analysis of the viscous fluid in the material conveying and homogenizing section of the ABC conductor, the flow rate of the plastic (that is, the extrusion speed) is proportional to the screw speed, and the screw speed is an important operating variable to characterize the extrusion speed in the extrusion process because of the convenience of adjustment. Therefore, in general, increasing the screw speed is an important means to improve the production capacity of modern plastic extruder and realize high-speed extrusion. But the analysis of the plastic melting length shows that the increase of the screw speed, on the one hand, increases the viscous dissipation heat due to the enhanced shear effect; On the other hand, in the absence of head pressure control, the screw speed increases, the flow rate increases, and the material stays in the machine time is shortened. Moreover, the influence of the latter is more than that of the former, and the normal extrusion process will be destroyed due to the extension of the melt length to the homogenizing section. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the screw speed to improve the extrusion speed, but also to increase the heating temperature or use the control of the head pressure to achieve the purpose.
Plastic extrusion speed or the quality of plasticizing is related to the use of plastic material and temperature control, the plasticizing temperature of various plastics is different. If you want to quickly extrude plastic, only the material is good, the temperature is appropriate, to achieve. In addition, the extrusion speed is closely related to the extrusion thickness. In the normal extrusion process, the amount of glue is large and the extrusion speed is slow. On the contrary, the extrusion speed is fast, on the premise of ensuring the quality, the extrusion speed can be appropriately improved.
Extruded products are dragged through the machine head by traction device, in order to ensure the quality of products, the traction speed is required to be uniform and stable, in coordination with the screw speed, to ensure the uniformity of extrusion thickness and outer diameter of products. If the traction speed is not stable, the extrusion layer is easy to form bamboo joints, and the extrusion thickness is large when the traction speed is too slow, and the phenomenon of glue stacking or empty pipe occurs. When the traction speed is too fast, it is easy to cause extruding and thinning, or even the phenomenon of degumming and leakage. Therefore, in the normal extrusion process, we must control the traction speed.