Aluminum power cable is a new type of power cable, which is made of AA8030 series aluminum alloy material and adopts the advanced technology such as special roll-forming wire stranding and annealing treatment. The alloy power cable makes up the deficiency of the traditional pure aluminum cable. Although the electric conductivity of the cable has not been improved, the bending, creep and corrosion resistance of the cable have been greatly improved, the AA-8030 series aluminum alloy conductor can improve the electric conductivity and high temperature resistance of the aluminum alloy cable, at the same time, the problems of pure aluminum conductor and creep are solved.
The electrical conductivity of aluminum alloy is 61.8% of copper IACS, and the current carrying capacity is 79% of copper, which is superior to pure aluminum standard. But at the same volume, aluminum alloys actually weigh about a third as much as copper. Therefore, at the same ampacity, the weight of the aluminum alloy cable is about half that of the copper cable. Using aluminum alloy cable instead of copper cable can reduce cable weight, reduce installation cost, reduce equipment and cable wear, make installation work easier. The new standard specifies the terms and definitions, specifications, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, marking, packaging, transportation and storage of medium strength aluminum alloy core insulated overhead cables. The Standard Product is suitable for the aluminum alloy conductor overhead insulated cables with rated AC voltage of 20kV or less for fixed overhead laying in cities, forests, scenic spots and other power distribution fields. The main technical contents include medium strength aluminum alloy conductor structure, conductor DC resistance, insulation thickness, AC voltage level and test items and methods. The medium strength aluminum alloy conductor overhead insulated cable has the characteristics of light weight, large breaking force and low resistance. It is a kind of overhead insulated cable with excellent comprehensive performance and better economical operation in the whole life cycle. The establishment of the industry standard further promotes the progress of this technology, and unifies the structural design and manufacturing process of Medium Strength Aluminum Alloy conductors, which is of great significance to the development and application of medium strength aluminum alloy core overhead insulated cables, on the basis of this, international standards can be formed to promote China technological progress, promote industrial transformation, and substantially participate in international standard activities.