What is power cables overload?

During the operation of the wire and cable, heat will be generated due to the existence of resistance. The resistance of the wire is generally very small, and its heating power can be expressed by the formula q=I^2R. q=I^2R indicates: for a piece of Power Cable in actual use (R is basically constant), the larger the current through the wire, the greater the heating power; if the amount of current is constant, the heating power of the wire is also constant . The heat released during operation will be absorbed by the wire itself and cause the temperature of the wire to rise. Although the wire is constantly absorbing the heat released by current work, its temperature will not rise indefinitely. Because the wire is absorbing heat, it is also constantly releasing heat to the outside world. The facts show that the temperature of the wire gradually rises after the wire is energized, and finally the temperature is constant at a certain point. At this constant point, the wire has the same heat absorption and heat dissipation power, and the wire is in a thermal equilibrium state. The ability of the wire to withstand higher temperature operation is limited, and operation exceeding a certain maximum temperature will be dangerous. This maximum temperature naturally corresponds to a certain maximum current, and running a wire that exceeds this maximum current is an overload. The overload of the wire directly causes the temperature of the wire itself and nearby objects to rise. The increase in temperature is the most direct cause of this type of fire.

Overload damages the insulation layer between the twin Overhead Cable and causes a short circuit, which burns down the equipment and causes a fire. The double-stranded wires are separated by the insulating layer between them, and overload causes the insulating layer to be softened and destroyed, which leads to direct contact between the two wires to cause a short circuit and burn the equipment. At the same time, the high temperature generated by the large current at the moment of short-circuit causes the line to catch fire and fuse, and the resulting molten beads fall to combustibles and cause fire. Overload temperature rise can also directly ignite nearby combustibles. The heat transfer of the overload wire increases the temperature of nearby combustibles. For nearby combustibles with low ignition point, it is possible to ignite them and cause a fire. This danger is particularly prominent in warehouses that store flammable materials and buildings that are easy to use and combustible decorations.